Trending: Cannabidiol (CBD) oil, gummies, tinctures and more. Why are cannabis products gaining popularity as medical treatments and in general? As more states have legalized medical marijuana, more people have shifted their views on cannabis treatments (like former Speaker of the House John Boehner’s recent change of heart). And last month, an advisory panel at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) unanimously recommended a medication made from CBD for some forms of epilepsy.
CBD comes from cannabis/marijuana but has some key differences. So, let’s take a closer look at CBD products and some FAQs, like, do they work and are they legal?
What is CBD?
Short answer: Cannabidiol (pronounced canna-bid-EYE-ol) or CBD is a chemical found in cannabis plants that does not produce a “high.”
More info: Cannabis plants can produce more than 100 different types of cannabinoids, a type of chemical that reacts with receptors in the brain. The two most common cannabinoids found in medical marijuana are THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). THC is responsible for producing the mental and physical effects of medical marijuana. CBD has many of the same therapeutic qualities as THC, but without psychoactive effects. (For even more info, read our report called “Weed 101: How and why patients use medical marijuana.”)
Products made purely from CBD (without THC) do not produce the psychoactive high of other medical marijuana or some CBD/THC combination products. But, as a JAMA report and some in the medical cannabis industry have pointed out, many CBD products sold online are not accurately labeled (containing much more or less CBD than the label claims, or even containing some THC when it’s not mentioned on the label).
CBD is not regulated or approved by the FDA — but they have issued warning letters to some CBD producers with misleading labels.
Many doctors (in the U.S. and internationally) are hesitant to recommend smoking cannabis or inhaling any burned plant material but may be more open to CBD products that are not smoked. (Has your doctor or provider weighed in about medical cannabis or CBD products? Make a comment below.
Are CBD products effective?
On PatientsLikeMe, members have reported trying CBD for about 160 different reasons, including specific conditions (ALS, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy and fibromyalgia — to name a few) and symptoms (from anxious or depressed mood to stiffness/spasticity). Below is a list of CBD or cannabis products members have reported as treatments on the site — remember to discuss your treatments with your healthcare provider, and keep in mind that treatment responses vary:
- Cannabidiol in general (click to learn more and see treatment evaluations)
- MediPen (cannabidiol vaporizer)
- Cannabis oil
- Royal CBD (this is a brand name that sells CBD oil, CBD capsules, CBD vape oil, and CBD gummies)
- Cannabis tincture
- Cannabis salve
- Relax CBD infused gummy bears
Join PatientsLikeMe to see more details through the links above and to connect with other members about their treatment experiences.
Note: CBD industry insiders advise avoiding splashy websites that offer a “free trial” of the product — by filling out a form, you may be signing up for an unwanted subscription.
Is CBD legal?
Short answer: CBD is legal under some state laws but not under federal law — so it’s pretty confusing (even to healthcare providers).
More info: As of May 2018, there are 17 states with laws specifically about legal CBD. Most state laws allowing some CBD use tend to be very specific (for example, limiting a CBD product’s THC content) and are not the same as state medical marijuana laws.
Under federal law, cannabis products (including CBD) are illegal and classified the same as marijuana (and heroin and ecstasy) as a Schedule I controlled substance. The U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) made headlines in Indiana (where some CBD is legal) a few months back when DEA spokesman Rusty Payne told the local news that CBD is illegal under federal law, but is not the DEA’s main focus. “We are in the middle of an opioid crisis in this country,” Payne said. “That’s our biggest priority right now. People are not dying from CBD. Some would argue lives are being saved by CBD. Are we going to get in the middle of that? Probably not.”
Last year, U.S. Rep. Morgan Griffith introduced a bill called the “Compassionate Access Act” to encourage the federal government to remove marijuana from “Schedule I” classification, exclude CBD from the definition of marijuana in order to allow better medical access, and regulate CBD products to ensure they’re low in THC. So far, the bill has only bounced around to various congressional subcommittees.
Have any questions, comments or feedback on CBD products? Make a comment below or — even better — become a PatientsLikeMe member to discuss this topic in the forum and see more treatment evaluations from people living with your condition.
Share this post on Twitter and help spread the word.
10 thoughts on “Cannabidiol (CBD) oil and product FAQs: Fad or effective? Legal or not?”
CBD oil is not only from cannabis or marijuana. You can extract CBD from hemp as well. The CBD oil from hemp is as effective and not regulated or illegal. Michigan will have a proposal on the ballot in November 2018 to legalize recreational marijuana. When approved it will put this whole controversy to rest. Then all we have to do is find reputable manufacturers who don’t try to sell you snake oil instead!
Another important note you could add to your article is that full-spectrum products are proven to provide superior benefits when compared to isolated CBD products alone. A full spectrum provides a wide range of plant compounds that work together – this is known as the entourage effect.
I have RA Badly
By going through the article, first time i came to know that CBD can be use for treatment as well. Thank you for educating through your blog.
Nice Blog, its very helpful information, CBD is legal in many state and its useful to stress relief and so on. I also came to know that CBD can use for treatment as well. Thanks for sharing nice information
There is a big concern on the diverse types of CBD getting in to the market. We can see the rise of gummies, softgels, balms, capsules, tinctures and various other forms. There should be a timely regulation on these types of products to avoid any death due to wrong selection.
Thanks for sharing this blog.
Hope it was helpful for you!
Thanks for sharing these tips.
Thank for sharing these positive effects of CBD. More people need to be aware about its medicinal uses.
Comments are closed.