Subjects no more: what happens when trial participants realize they hold the power in clinical trials?

When I first became involved with online communities back in 2002, I moderated a small forum for patients with ALS/MND in the UK at King’s College Hospital to connect with one another, share tips and support, and to help our care center to serve them better. One area that remains controversial even to this day is clinical trials. ALS is a rapidly fatal and incurable illness, and as a young researcher I was often trying to field questions that patients had about the trials process:

“Why aren’t there more trials taking place?”

“Why do we have to have a placebo?”

“If researchers think commonly available treatments like dietary supplements or antibiotics might slow my disease, why can’t I just take them anyway rather than being enrolled in a trial?”

Given the severity of their situation and the slow pace of clinical trials (it’s estimated that it takes over 10 years for a new discovery to go from the lab to the clinic), I certainly sympathized with their frustrations and did my best to get the answers they needed, asking my medical colleagues where I could and translating the technical jargon. A few patients decided to go a step further than challenging the status quo, however, and took actions into their own hands. One patient taking part in a trial sent her medication off to a private lab to test whether or not she was on placebo, and several others took off-label experimental ALS treatments like creatine or minocycline. Some of them even went abroad to China for highly controversial stem cell treatments. In the end, none of these interventions were shown to slow the disease, but it certainly showed what was possible when a smart, dedicated, and adventurous group of patients could organize online.

Fast-forward more than ten years and we see a very different world, where patients have a growing voice in treatment approval, the design of patient reported outcome measures, and increasingly share their trial experiences through social media. That’s what inspired us to write our latest article just published in the British Medical Journal which details our experiences with how members of our community have replicated a clinical trial, have started sharing their data with leading researchers to debunk alternative “cures” for their disease, and have even started taking trials into their own hands. We feel these are symptoms of a greater underlying problem that has been with the design of clinical trials from the start – trials are all take and no give.

Patients take all the risk with their health, their time, their bodies, and in return they are supposed to temporarily suspend their instinctual curiosity to know more about their health status through self-monitoring or to interact with other patients who might be in a trial, all for the good of science and other patients. Modern technology up-ends that power dynamic though, and now it’s almost as easy for a patient to measure their health status with patient-reported outcomes, wearable devices, or even lab tests as it is for their doctor. In that case, can we really say patients are truly blinded anymore? The double-blind placebo-controlled randomized controlled trial is a “gold standard” in medicine, but unless it adapts to the changing realities of the patient empowerment landscape, it will be inherently unsustainable.

That’s why our team is embarking on research this year to gain a new understanding of what patients want from trials and a new understanding of the social contract as patients want it written. Our hope is that we can bring them together with the scientific needs of researchers to conduct robust science. It won’t be easy, and it might not be popular with everyone, but it’s the best path we can see towards faster cures that respects the rights of patients to be partners, not just subjects.

PatientsLikeMe member PaulWicks

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2 thoughts on “Subjects no more: what happens when trial participants realize they hold the power in clinical trials?”

  1. This makes a lot of sense. I have another modest proposal.

    First, before running a clinical trial to test the efficacy of a new drug, test everyone for genetic glitches and methylation, detoxification, and other key metabolic pathways, and screen them for heavy metals and toxins (bio, chemo, cyto, metallo, myco, etc). For heavy metals, do a urinary porphyrins test or challenge test, as low levels in standard blood and urine tests may indicate high levels bound up in cells for those who do not excrete metals well and become most impacted.

    Then, treat those who show glitches and/or toxic load to remove their impact and return those you can to a healthier “baseline.” Those who remain ill are now the participants in your new drug trial. Make sure you track drug responses by gene variants, as you may learn that it works great for people with w,x&y, but does nothing or does harm for people with z. Now your treatment can be targeted to those who will benefit from it, and you can reduce adverse events.

    I have additional ideas to increase efficacy, participation and compliance and would be happy to share them in a personal meeting with you.

  2. It all boils down to the fact that we are used as guinea pigs even after the trials are over. Look at how many drugs are recalled or there are law suits pending for the damage and deaths these FDA approved drugs have caused. What ever happened to ‘first do no harm’?

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