8 posts tagged “risk factors”

A possible Parkinson’s disease/melanoma link? Time for a skin check

Posted 2 weeks ago by

Now that summer has passed, have you had your skin examined? Studies have shown that people with Parkinson’s disease (PD) may have an increased risk for melanoma, so skin screenings are extra-important. Take a look at recent research and get some tips on monitoring your moles and skin.

Studies show…

A 2017 Mayo Clinic study found that people with either PD or melanoma are four times as likely to receive a diagnosis of the other disease. The researchers say the PD drug levodopa (which some people believe may play a role in melanoma risk) is not likely a factor in the PD/melanoma connection, according to McKnight’s. They found that the majority of melanomas were diagnosed before the diagnosis or treatment of Parkinson’s disease, so taking levodopa doesn’t appear to be a risk factor.

Future research should focus on genes, immune responses and environmental exposures that could cause the relationship, the researchers say.

Know your “ABCDEs”

Check out the Skin Cancer Foundation’s “ABCDEs of Melanoma” (click here to see images of examples), and make an appointment right away if you spot any of these warning signs:

A = asymmetry. Malignant moles tend to have an odd shape.

B = border. The edges of an early melanoma may be uneven or “scalloped.”

C = color. Watch out for moles that are a spotty mix of colors (from tan to black, or even shades of red, white or blue).

D = diameter. Melanomas are usually larger in diameter than a pencil eraser (but may be smaller early on).

E = evolving. Keep an eye out for any changes in your moles, such as size, shape, color, elevation, or another trait, or new symptoms such as bleeding, itching or crusting.

Also, keep in mind these other risk factors for melanoma, according to the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research:

  • Ultraviolet (UV) light exposure (psst: use sunscreen and protective clothing)
  • Caucasian race
  • Older age
  • Male
  • Family history of melanoma or personal history of melanoma or other skin cancers

The Fox Foundation is currently funding studies on the PD/melanoma connection, including one exploring the role of alpha-synuclein (a sticky protein) in both conditions, and others examining the genes or gene mutations involved in the two conditions. Learn more here.

On PatientsLikeMe

Some members report having both PD and melanoma. “I encourage everybody to go to a dermatologist, who has observed thousands of moles, on various skin types, and pay them to do a body scan,” says one member with PD and melanoma (fortunately, a biopsy showed his cancer had not spread). “Melanoma is not slow progressing like Parkinson’s.”

Has your doctor ever mentioned melanoma risk? Join PatientsLikeMe or log in to talk about Parkinson’s and melanoma in the PD forum.

Share this post on Twitter and help spread the word.


Are you at risk? American Diabetes Association Alert Day

Posted March 25th, 2014 by

 

According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), over 25 million people are living with type 2 diabetes in the United States, and 7 million aren’t even aware they have the condition. What’s more, 79 million people have prediabetes, a condition that can include several symptoms of diabetes.1

Do you know if you’re at risk for type 2 diabetes? Today is American Diabetes Association Alert Day, and it’s all about learning and recognizing risk factors. Take the ADA’s online diabetes risk test to learn if you’re at high risk – it’s fast, free and easy. The ADA’s official fact sheet is also full of useful information about diabetes and today’s activities, including Step Out walks and Alert Day Center education events. Visit the ADA’s website to find an event in your area.

Living with type 2 diabetes can involve many lifestyle changes, so if you’ve been diagnosed, are living with prediabetes or are at high risk, visit the PatientsLikeMe type 2 diabetes community to check in with your fellow patients and learn how they manage their condition. You can post questions in the forum and get answers from others living with diabetes, check treatment reports to see what people are taking to manage it, and track your own symptoms to get a better understanding of your own health.


1http://main.diabetes.org/dorg/alert-day/alert-day-2014-fact-sheet.pdf